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Recipe Ingredient Substitutes

Here's some quick recipe substitutes for those times when you think you have all the ingredients.

For instance, when you get ready to make a dessert and it calls for a can of sweetened condensed milk and you haven't any, you don't have to run out to the store to get some. Just make some!

Sad Recipe

I didn't have potatoes, so I substituted rice.
I didn't have paprika, so I used another spice.
I didn't have tomato sauce, I used tomato paste...
A whole can, not a half can... I don't believe in waste.
A friend gave me the recipe, she said you couldn't beat it,
There must have been something wrong with her, I couldn't even EAT it!

Recipe Substitutes

Baking with cocoa

  • Allspice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon and 1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
  • Almond Bark = See this recipe
  • Apple pie spice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg and 1/8 teaspoon cardamom
  • Baking powder - 1 teaspoon = 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 5/8 teaspoon cream of tartar
  • Baking powder - 1 teaspoon = 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 cup buttermilk or sour milk (decrease liquid by 1/2 cup)
  • Baking powder - 1 teaspoon = 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice used with sweet milk to make 1/2 cup liquid (decrease liquid by 1/2 cup)
  • Bread crumbs 1/3 cup, dry = 1 slice bread
  • Bread crumbs 1/3 cup, dry = 1/4 cup, soft 1 slice bread
  • Bread crumbs 1/3 cup, dry = 1/4 cup cracker crumbs or 1/4 cup cornmeal
  • Bay leaf - 1 whole = 1/4 teaspoon crushed
  • Broth - 1 cup = 1 bouillon cube
  • Broth - 1 cup = 1 teaspoon powdered bouillon in 1 cup boiling water
  • Bouillon - 1 cube = 1 teaspoon powdered bouillon
  • Bell Pepper - 1 tablespoon dried = 3 tablespoon fresh chopped
  • Butter - 1 cup = 7/8 cup shortening or 7/8 cup oil or 1 cup margarine
  • Oil is not a direct substitute for solid fats in baked products. Use recipes formulated for oil if a product made with oil is desired.
  • Buttermilk - the same amount of yogurt can replace buttermilk, or 1 tsp lemon juice added to a cup of milk. Wait 5 min to use.
  • Light Brown Sugar - 1 cup = 1 cup white sugar and 1 teaspoon molasses
  • Dark Brown Sugar - 1 cup = 1 cup white sugar and 1 tablespoon molasses
  • Catsup - 1 cup = 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1/2 cup sugar and 2 tablespoon vinegar (for cooking use)
  • Chocolate - 1 ounce= 3 tablespoon cocoa + 1 tablespoon shortening
  • Chocolate chips - 1 ounce = 1 ounce sweet cooking semi-sweet chocolate
  • Chocolate - 1 ounce = 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoons fat
  • Cocoa - 1/4 cup = 1 ounce chocolate and omit 1/2 tablespoon fat
  • Condensed Milk = See this recipe
  • Corn syrup - 1 cup = 1 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup liquid
  • Cracker crumbs - 3/4 cup = 1 cup bread crumbs
  • Cornstarch - 1 tablespoon = 2 tablespoons flour
  • Egg - 1 whole = 3 tablespoons beaten egg
  • Egg - 1 whole = 2 egg whites or 2 egg yolks
  • Egg - 1 whole = 1/4 cup egg substitute
  • Flour, for thickening - 1 tablespoon = 1/2 tablespoon cornstarch
  • Flour, for baking - 1 cup sifted = 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons unsifted flour
  • Flour, for cooking - 1 cup sifted = 3/4 cup whole wheat flour and 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
  • Flour for cake - 1 cup = 1 cup minus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • Flour, self-rising - 1 cup = 1 cup minus 2 teaspoons flour plus 1-1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • Garlic - 1 clove = 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder
  • Garlic - 1 clove = 1 teaspoon chopped garlic
  • Ginger - 1/8 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon raw ginger
  • Honey - 1 cup = 1 1/4 cups sugar and 1/4 cup liquid
  • Horseradish - 1 tablespoon fresh = 2 tablespoons prepared
  • Lemon Juice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon vinegar
  • Lemon - 1 whole = 3 tablespoons juice plus 2 teaspoons rind
  • Lemon rind - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon extract
  • Marshmallow Creme = See this recipe
  • Milk - Believe it or not, 1 1/2 lbs of zucchini, peeled and pureed, will replace 2 cups of milk when baking.
  • Onion - 1 small = 1 tablespoon instant minced
  • Onion powder - 1 tablespoon = 1 medium onion chopped
  • Pumpkin pie spice - 1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, 1/8 teaspoon allspice & 1/8 teaspoon nutmeg
  • Sweetened Condensed Milk = See this recipe
  • Sour Cream = 3/4 cup sour milk and 1/3 cup butter or use plain yogurt
  • Sugar, white - 1 cup = 1 cup packed brown sugar
  • Sugar, white - 1 cup = 1 cup honey minus 1/4 cup liquid in recipe
  • Shortening, 1 cup = 1 cup and 2 tablespoons butter or margarine
  • Tomatoes, fresh - 2 cups, chopped = 16 ounce can, drained
  • Tomato sauce - 2 cups = 1 cup tomato paste plus 1 cup water
  • Vinegar -1 teaspoon = 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice
  • Yeast - 1 package = 1 cake yeast
  • Yeast - 1 package = 1 tablespoon dry yeast
  • Oven Temperatures for Old Recipes

    • SLOW OVEN = 250 to 325 degrees
    • MODERATE OVEN = 350 to 375 degrees
    • HOT OVEN = 400 to 450 degrees
    • VERY HOT OVEN = 450 to 500 degrees

    My Note: For a long time I was reading recipes that would say, "Cook in Moderate oven until done," and I couldn't ever find out what the different oven temperatures were for. Well, surprise, I finally found a clue to the oven temperatures. It was in a Rapid City SD recipe book from 1970.

    Also see:
    -Make your own Dry Mixes and Seasonings
    -Weights and measures guide.
    -How to Measure Ingredients and Oven Temperatures


    Have a great day!
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